India Has No National Language

Posted In Headline, India, Thoughtworks - By NitiN Kumar Jain On Sunday, August 22nd, 2010 With 11 Comments






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Yes, you heard it right. India has no national language. Shocked?? I was shocked too when heard it for the first time.

Since the very beginning of our studies in schools, we have been regularly taught (as far as I remember) that Hindi is our national language. Hindi came from Sanskrit as many other Indian languages did is the most spoken language in India and at least I was unaware of the fact that neither Hindi nor any other language is our national language.

Although, Hindi is the official language of Republic of India and English the secondary official language.

So why we have been always told that:

  • Lotus is our national flower.
  • Tiger is our national animal.
  • Peacock is our national bird.
  • Vande Matram is our national song.
  • Jan gan man is our national anthem.
  • Hindi is our national language.

Last one is definitely not correct. After arguing it for 15 minutes and then Googling it, I came to know the fact that there is no national language defined for India in the constitution of India. Shocking!!!!

Wiki also says:

The principal official language of the Republic of India is Hindi while English is the secondary official language. The constitution of India states that “The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script.” Neither the Constitution of India nor Indian law specifies a National language, a position supported by a High Court ruling.

To again confirm it, not from the authorities, but from the little kids at my home, I asked them all questions in the bullet points above and to my surprise they did told me that Hindi is our national language. 5th-8th standard they study in. This confirmed that in our schools specially in Northern region where Hindi is spoken, it is considered and taught as our National Language.

We are not studying the facts.